Missed period, nausea, fatigueness are some of the common symptoms during early stage of pregnancy. They may be discomforting but harmless. However, there are some symptoms that may need medical attention.
- Vaginal Bleeding
Embryo plants itself at about the fifth week of pregnancy into the lining of the womb. At this stage, some women may experience spotting and cramps. Bleeding may post potential miscarriage problems or Ectopic pregnancy where pregnancy occurs outside the womb. This may be life threatening. It is important that you seek medical advice immediately.
- Breast changes / Bloatedness
Due an increase hormone, you may experience engorged and tender breast throughout the pregnancy. The breast will continue to increase in size and areola will darken. It is time to shop for new inner wear to allow the growth. Tight bra may cause damage to milk duct and cause blocked duct during breastfeeding.
As baby grows, womb is putting pressure on your intestines and affecting your bowel movement. Food is unable to move through the intestines as fast. You may want to have more fiber intake like fruits, vegetables, water in your diet, exercise regularly and consult doctor should it become serious.
- Frequent Urination
This is usually seen during the early and the last stage of pregnancy. During early stage of pregnancy, body fluids increase and hence the increase in urine production. In the late stage, womb gets heavier and presses onto the bladder, causing the urination frequency. There may be risk of Urinary Tract Infection, which is accompanied with pain during urination. Antibiotic treatment is required.
- Giddiness/ Headache/ Backache
It is common to experience mild headache during pregnancy during pregnancy due to increase production of hormone. Paracetamol is safe during pregnancy, unless any allergy. Giddiness may be seen during first trimester and some throughout the pregnancy. Due to increase level in blood flow and pressure from a growing baby, blood flow to the brain may be slowed down and cause giddiness. Avoid sudden standing from sitting position or long standing. Backache are usually more common during last stage of pregnancy due to increase weight of baby and pressure to the back bone. For some sever cases, bed rest and Therapy is used to lessen the discomfort.
It is burning sensation in your chest especially after meals. It is caused by the slowing down of gastrointestinal tract and muscle relaxation in the stomach that result in reflux of acidic juice. Take several small meals throughout the day and slowly chew the food may help. Avoid food and beverages that may cause heartburn. Doctors’ medication may be needed if the condition continues.
- Food Cravings
Your taste buds may be numb and may crave for sour food. So long if it is healthy, food craving is fine.
- Mood Swing
Blame it on the hormonal changes! Mother-to-be are often more sensitive-feel during pregnancy. Surging hormones coupled with stress, anxiety and societal pressure to feel a certain way can do a number on any woman’s emotional state during pregnancy. Sharing on how you feel and family support is important during this period. If it gets severed and develop depression, seek medical attention immediately.
- Leg Cramps/ Swollen leg
Generally, this is common during 2nd to later stage of pregnancy. The cause of the cramp is still uncertain, but it is believed to be a calcium deficiency and decreased blood flow. Regular stretching and massaging may help relieve this symptom. Avoid staying at a fixed position for too long and wear loose pants/ clothing.
One of the common complaints during pregnancy is breathlessness. There is an increase need of oxygen during pregnancy. Hence, increase respiration is needed to meet the demand. In the last trimester, enlarged womb presses onto your diaphragm and causes the breathless sensation. This is generally harmless, but if you experience symptoms such as chest pains, palpitations, cough and phlegm, you should seek medical attention as this may pose risk of lung infection or pulmonary embolism.